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Last Updated: Mon Jan 27 11:18:09 UTC 2014

  S-300V: 202nd Air Defence Brigade
  579th Air Defence Battalion, 202nd Air Defence Bde, Naro-Fominsk, Western Military District (Western Joint Strategic Command),
Russian Federation

Photographic Essay APA-PE-2011-0501

by Michael Jerdev
Text and lineart © 2011 Carlo Kopp
Photographic images © 2010 Michael Jerdev

Antey/NIEMI 9S32 Grill Pan SA-12 engagement radar deployed.

The 202nd Air Defence Brigade of the Russian Federation Army was formed in 1949 as the 422nd Air Defence Artillery Battalion in Grodno, Belarus. In 1958 the unit was redeployed to Baranovichi, and in 1963 to Magdeburg, in East Germany, re-equipping with the then new S-75 Volkhov / SA-2 Guideline. In August, 1974, the unit was reformed as the 202nd Brigade, and re-equipped with the 2K11 Krug / SA-4 Ganef,  then the primary divisional area defence SAM used by Soviet manoeuvre formations. The 202nd Bde was re-equipped with the state of the art S-300V / 9K81 / SA-12 Giant/Gladiator mobile long range SAM/ABM system in 1989, and shortly thereafter in May, 1991, redeployed to Naro-Fominsk, on the South-Western outskirts of the Moscow suburbs. The unit remains at Naro-Fominsk and at its home base supplements PVO units providing primary air defence capability for the Moscow area.

In late December, 2010 the author of this photoessay had the opportunity to visit the 202nd Bde and collected an extensive photographic record, using a Canon EOS350D DSLR. While the lighting conditions were challenging in the late afternoon, the collection provides an excellent perspective on the difficult winter climatic conditions Russian forces have become so adept at operating in. The exercise site is surrounded by mixed deciduous Silver Birch and conifer forests, a very typical Northern Russian landscape.

The imagery is the first available to show the full operation of a battery in the field, including stow and deploy operations for many battery components, and transloading the SA-12A Gladiator SAM.

  1. Альбом «Мои альбомы / 202 зрбр, С-300В, Наро-Фоминск»; URI: http://fotki.yandex.ru/users/mx118/album/103892/
  2. Imagery: Canon EOS350D/Rebel XTi 8.0 MP retouched/corrected/cropped and reduced.
  3. Kopp C., NIEMI/Antey S-300V 9K81/9K81-1/9K81M/MK Self Propelled Air Defence System / SA-12/SA-23 Giant/Gladiator, Technical Report APA-TR-2006-1202, URI: http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-Giant-Gladiator.html.
  4. Barton D.K., Design of the S-300P and S-300V Surface-to-Air Missile Systems, Microwave Journal, May 1994, URI: http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-Russian-SAM-Radars-DKB.html.
  5. Kopp C., Warsaw Pact / Russian Air Defence Command Posts, Technical Report APA-TR-2008-0602, URI: http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-Rus-ADCP-CP.html.
  6. Kopp C., KBTochmash 9K35 Strela 10 Self Propelled Air Defence System / SA-13 Gopher, Technical Report APA-TR-2009-0801, URI: http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-9K35-Strela-10.html.

S-300V/SA-12A/B Giant/Gladiator Battery Deployment

9А83-1 TELAR and 9А85 TEL/Transloader / 9M83

This sequence of images is the first to be published showing the full transloading operation between a 9A83 TELAR and 9A85 TEL/Transloader. Rapid reloading of the TELARs in the field is essential if a battery is to sustain its ability to launch missiles, and the S-300V was a major advance over earlier systems with an integrated TEL/Transloader vehicle for each of the missile types. The TEL/Transloaders are based on the TELAR designs, but with the antenna boom and antenna subsystem replaced by a crane. Providing a nearby TELAR can illumimate the target, a TEL can launch its own missiles.

With both the TELAR and TEL/TL vehicles, the gantries must be raised to the vertical to launch missiles, but also to deploy the antenna mast on the TELAR, or the crane on the TEL/TL vehicle.

9A83 Gladiator TELAR

Stowed 9A83 TELAR with single 9M83 round loaded on gantry.

9A83 Gladiator TELAR and 9A85 Gladiator TEL/Transloader Operation

9A82 Giant TELAR

Stowed 9A82 TELAR with empty gantries.

Detail of CW illuminator boom, stowed.

Above, below: CW illuminator in deployed position, gantries elevated.

With boom rotated and and CW illuminator tilted back, this is a typical position during a missile engagement.
9S32 / Grill Pan Engagement Radar

The 9S32 Grill Pan is a space fed X-band high power agile beam engagement radar for the 9M82 and 9M83 missiles.

9S32 Stowed Configuration

Above, below, 9S32 system stowed in transit.

9S32 with antenna stowed, but telescoping datalink mast deployed.

9S32 Grill Pan Deployed

9S32 Grill Pan PESA Space Feed

This sequence shows the antenna space feed arrangement, and rear face of the transmissive shifter array, with the upper feed for aerial targets visible. The lower feed for ABM targets is not visible in these views.

9S32 Grill Pan Primary and Auxiliary Antenna Details

The octagonal transmissive primary array occupies most of the antenna system volume. Below are three individually steered gimballed paraboloid antennas employed for sidelobe cancelling and jammer nulling.

9S32 Grill Pan APU Details

Above, below: gas turbine APU inlet and exhaust respectively.

9S15 Obzor / Bill Board Acquisition Radar

Above, below: The 9S15 Obzor / Bill Board is the high mobility acquisition radar component of an S-300V battery, hosted on the same MT-T tracked vehicle as other battery components. This example is located at a static site on the Naro-Fominsk base and tied to the Pori P1M via cables rather than radio datalink.

1L13-3 Nebo SV / Box Spring Acquisition Radar

The NNIIRT/NITEL 1L13-3 Box Spring series of VHF-band 2D acquisition radars was developed as a higher performance replacement for the P-18 Spoon Rest radars, used by PVO-SV brigade level formations. Note the damaged folded dipole Yagi elements, and missing element in row two, column four.

Box Spring IFF array.

9S52 Polyana D4 Brigade/Regiment Command Post

The 9S52M Polyana-D4M air defence brigade (mixed grouping) automated command and control system is designed to provide automated control of separate air defence missile systems, and their combinations, to a local IADS, with the S-300V / SA-12 Giant/Gladiator, 9K37 / SA-17 Grizzly, 9K330 Tor / SA-15 Gauntlet SAM systems and 2K22 Tunguska / SA-19 Grison SPAAGM systems, via relevant intermediate C3 posts. It is available in a range of configurations, carried on a Ural-375 or KamAZ-4310 6 x 6 truck, or BAZ-6950 8 x 8 truck.

Pori P1M Radar Data Processing Post

Above, below: The Pori P1M Radar Data Processing Post  is intended to receive and process data produced by the 1L13 Box Spring, 9S18M1 Snow Drift, 9S15M Bill Board and 39N6S Flat Face / Squat Eye digital tactical acquisition radars. It functions as a critical interface between acquisition radars and the brigade or regimental command post. The system is usually carried on a Ural-43203 or KamAZ-4310 6 x 6 truck.

Photographic Essay APA-PE-2011-0501

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